What is Nanotechnology? What are the benefits of it? | Nasiol

WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY AND HOW IT WORKS?

ABOUT NANOTECHNOLOGY

Physics, chemistry, and engineering working together on materials at their nanoscale–that’s nanotechnology. The word “nano” refers to a unit prefix of one billionth, and nanoscale is at 1-100 nanometers, used in science to define length and time.

Nanoparticles are synthesized separately to the desired size and shape, giving them extraordinary ability and features. Nano level is molecular and atomic, where we see so much more of the behavior of materials, thus leading to discoveries that in turn lead to developments and benefits superior to what can be achieved with conventional science.

Nobel Prize-winning Richard Feynman, the world-renowned physicist who introduced the concept of nanotechnology, sums up this revolutionary field in one sentence: “There’s plenty of room at the bottom.”

“Nanotechnology” was first coined by Professor Norio Taniguchi in 1974. Nanotechnology studies uptick after 2000, and so did funding.

As a result, today nano products have found their way into our daily lives, and nanotechnology continues to amaze and is invaluable in many fields because of its powerful and cost-effective solutions.

Fields of Application of Nanotechnology

Medicine

Researchers are developing drugs from nanoparticles for diseased cells.

Electronics

Electronic devices are getting smaller and durable with the use of nanotechnology.

Energy

From solar panels to batteries, nanotech structures are utilized to develop and increase energy-efficiency.

Food Industry

Companies are developing nano-sized fertilizers for better and targeted performance.

Coatings

Nanocoatings ensure superior lifetime and specifications in the protective coating industry.

Space industry

Extra-light and durable materials are developed for use in space.

Environment

Nano-sized filters give unique filtration to avoid air and water pollution. Water sources polluted for years are cleaned by nanotechnology.